Every OS has its own unique features, but there are many useful open-source tools, such as rsync or SSH clients, which are accessible on every major Linux distributions and other platforms - but Windows is usually an exception. A lot of these tools are really predominant for certain tasks - e.g. creating backups, controlling machines remotely - and have no open-source substitute on Windows.
Cygwin is a Linux-like environment with command-line interface (terminal) that makes them available on Windows.
Let's say you want to create backups with the rsync tool on Windows. In this case, we would definitely recommend you to install Cygwin, and do so with including the rsync, OpenSSH, and Dos2Unix packages.
1. Download the setup file
First, visit Cygwin's install page and download two files:
- For 32-bit version: setup-x86.exe with the associated signature file;
- For 64-bit version: setup-x86_64.exe with the associated signature file.
Just to be safe, create a text file with Notepad (hit Win button + R, type in "notepad", and press enter) where you will save the content of Cygwin's public key. Let's save the file to a safe place with the name 'cygwin_public.txt'.
Run the setup file, select the root folder for Cygwin. We chose
C:\cygwin64\ but you can pick your own path and folder name. Remember this folder as we will refer to it as ROUTE in the future. Click next a few times, then choose "install from Internet", select a mirror site,
Select packages: search for rsync, OpenSSH, OpenSSL and Dos2Unix individually and mark every package associated with them for install. It's enough to install the binaries (Bin? ), no need for the source files (Src? ). If everything went well, you will have packages marked for install in the Debug, Devel, Libs, Net and Utils categories.
In the next step, Cygwin will recommend to install the dependencies for the packages which we gladly accept.
Proceed, wait for the installer, and then end the installation.
3. Open terminal
Go to the directory where you installed Cygwin, and launch the cygwin.bat file to start the terminal.
Tip: you can adjust the cursor size, font size and other preferences if you right-click on the terminal window's address bar and open the properties menu.
With Cygwin installed, you now have a Linux-like command prompt available, and you're all set to do some serious work.